Research

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The Charlotte Lozier Institute's growing collection of research on a wide range of issues concerning life, science, and bioethics is divided into four main categories: the American Reports Series, our major policy studies; the On Point Series, our brief policy papers; Fact Sheets; and Special Reports.
  • Oregon Lawmakers Promote Abortion, Crush Civil Liberty, and Hate on Social Justice

    Thomas M. Messner, J.D.

    Oregon lawmakers have passed a bill that would force health benefit plans offered in the state to provide coverage for abortion and voluntary sterilization. The bill, known as HB 3391, also would require health benefit plans to cover any contraceptive drug, device, or product approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. As this Lozier paper explains, some contraceptives can also cause abortions.

  • Fact Sheet: Adult Stem Cell Research and Transplants

    Charlotte Lozier Institute

    Adult stem cell transplants are already widely used to the benefit of over a million people. Well over 1 million patients worldwide have been treated with adult stem cells and experienced improved health, based on data gathered by December 2012.

  • Map: Landmark Pain-Capable Abortion Bans

    Charlotte Lozier Institute

    This map shows the states that have passed legislation limiting abortion based on the unborn child's ability to feel pain by 20 weeks.

  • Backgrounder: We Need a New NIH Director

    David A. Prentice, Ph.D.

    On April 25, 2017, Charlotte Lozier Institute Vice President and Director of Research, Dr. David A. Prentice, Ph.D., was published in USA Today on the need for a new National Institutes of Health (NIH) Director. The backgrounder below provides summary main points and sources on the position of current NIH Director Dr. Francis Collins in support of human embryonic stem cell research, human cloning, and the creation of ethically-questionable human-animal chimeras.

  • A Reality Check on Assisted Suicide in Oregon

    Richard Doerflinger, M.A.

    In short, despite a thoroughly inadequate reporting system designed to cover up rather than reveal problems, Oregon shows exactly the problems that critics predicted: No meaningful protection against coercion, influence by others on patients with depression and dementia, an expansion beyond imminently dying patients, and a road toward active euthanasia.

  • Ad Campaign Ruling Highlights Needs for Outreach and Healing

    Moira Gaul, M.P.H.

    Last December a Canadian appeals judge ruled against the appearance of a provocative pro-life ad campaign on the exterior of municipal buses in Grand Prairie, Alberta.[1] Justice C. S. Anderson stated in her decision, “Expression of this kind may lead to emotional responses from the various people who make use of public transit and other uses of the road, creating a hostile and uncomfortable environment.”

  • Fact Sheet: Reallocating Planned Parenthood’s Federal Funding to Comprehensive Health Centers

    Charlotte Lozier Institute

    In 2015, the Congress of the United States adopted and sent to the President legislation whose effect would have been to reallocate funds from one family planning provider, Planned Parenthood, and redirect those funds to community health centers that typically offer family planning, but do not offer abortions.

  • The Effect of Legalizing Assisted Suicide on Palliative Care and Suicide Rates: A Response to Compassion and Choices

    Richard Doerflinger, M.A.

    The leading national organization promoting legalization of physician-assisted suicide, “Compassion & Choices” (formerly known as the Hemlock Society), has distributed a December 2016 “Medical Aid in Dying Fact Sheet” in various state legislatures around the country to persuade them to approve what they call “medical aid in dying.”

  • Planned Parenthood: Profit. No Matter What.

    Catherine Glenn Foster, J.D., M.A.

    This report outlines Charlotte Lozier Institute and Alliance Defending Freedom’s research in identifying waste, abuse, and potential fraud by Planned Parenthood affiliates and other abortion providers, particularly with respect to federal and state Title XIX-Medicaid reimbursements.

  • Fetal Disposition: The Abuses and The Law

    Kristi Burton Brown, J.D.

    With roughly 1.06 million abortions in the nation every year, abortion facilities have a need to dispose of approximately 2,700 baby bodies every day. This paper will examine the problems that occur when laws fail to hold abortion clinics accountable and when the clinics are allowed to choose methods of disposal that most benefit their businesses. It will also suggest a variety of changes that could be made to state laws to end some of the dangerous practices of the abortion industry.

  • Unconscionable: Threats to Religious Freedom and Rights of Conscience in the Abortion Debate

    Tim Bradley

    Those watching the nation’s capital earlier this year witnessed three important events bearing on religious freedom and rights of conscience in the abortion debate.

  • Fact Sheet: Federal Funding Restrictions on Abortion

    Charlotte Lozier Institute

    In the years leading up to and following the Supreme Court’s 1973 decision in Roe v. Wade legalizing abortion nationwide, the federal government—primarily Congress—has enacted various measures governing the availability of federal funds for abortion and related services.

  • Comments Submitted to Dept. of Health and Human Services on Title X Funding

    Charlotte Lozier Institute

    On October 7, the Charlotte Lozier Institute (CLI) filed two separate comments to the Department of Health and Human Services regarding its proposed rule on entities qualifying for the government’s Title X family planning funds.

  • Hyde @ 40: Analyzing the Impact of the Hyde Amendment

    Michael J. New, Ph.D.

    Congress enacted the first Hyde Amendment on September 30, 1976. Its passage was one of the pro-life movement’s first major legislative victories. As such, now is an apt time to look back on the amendment’s history and analyze its impact during the past 40 years.

  • CLI Comment on NIH Proposal to Fund Human-Animal Chimeras

    Charlotte Lozier Institute

    The U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) has proposed lifting a ban on approval and funding for the creation of human-animal chimeras. CLI submitted detailed comments regarding the science and ethics of such research, opposing the NIH proposal and noting ethical and scientifically valid alternatives exist to satisfy scientific demands.

  • Abortion Reporting: Toward a Better National Standard

    Charles A. Donovan and Rebecca Gonzales

    Because abortion and abortion policies impact thousands of women’s and families’ lives every day, abortion policy must be grounded on the most accurate, comprehensive and up-to-date statistical information and health data.

  • Sex-Selection Abortion: The Real War on Women

    Anna Higgins, J.D.

    Despite advances in civil rights and the recognition by most developed nations that discrimination on the basis of sex alone is inherently unjust, a very real and pervasive form of sex discrimination is still permitted and practiced in the world today. Prenatal sex discrimination crosses cultural, ethnic, and national lines. It is practiced with impunity in many countries, including the U.S., via sex-selective abortion – choosing to abort a preborn child based solely on the child’s sex.

  • Written Testimony of David A. Prentice, Ph.D.: Update on Progress of Kansas’ Midwest Stem Cell Therapy Center Research

    David A. Prentice, Ph.D.

    In this testimony before multiple Kansas state Senate and House committees, Dr. David Prentice briefs legislators on the progress of the Midwest Stem Cell Therapy Center. The Kansas stem cell center is focused on patients, with an emphasis on therapy, dissemination of information, and comprehensive view to fulfilling its mission. The MSCTC only works with non-controversial stem cell sources—adult stem cells and induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells; embryonic and fetal sources are not used, in keeping the focus on the patient and deliverable therapies.

  • Fact Sheet: Government Funding Sources for Planned Parenthood

    Charlotte Lozier Institute

    Thanks to a data point in Planned Parenthood’s annual report for 2013-2014, it’s public knowledge that the organization received $528.4 million in funds from all levels of government in that fiscal year. This fact sheet provides a chart of total government funding sources for Planned Parenthood from prior years, according to a 2015 report by the Government Accountability Office.

  • Assisted Suicide at the Polls: Risks & Rewards Associated with Voting to Legalize Assisted Suicide vs. Maintaining the Status Quo

    Jacqueline C. Harvey, Ph.D.

    This academic paper analyzes the significance of a legislator’s position in favor of assisted suicide. In particular, the paper looks at the risk associated with support for legalization of assisted suicide on subsequent re-election. This original work comes from the Department of Social Sciences at Tarleton State University, written by Dr. Jacqueline C. Harvey, a political science faculty member. This version of the paper is a conference abstract that was presented at the 2016 Southern Political Science Association Conference. The full version of the paper will be published in an appropriate academic journal at a later date.

  • New Paper Examines Health Care Sharing Ministries as Alternative to Conventional Health Care

    Charlotte Lozier Institute

    Charlotte Lozier Institute, the education arm of Susan B. Anthony List, today released a landmark review of health care sharing ministries (HCSMs). These ministries, which date back decades as a source of health care financing for both individuals and families, have experienced new prominence as an alternative to conventional health insurance.

  • Written Testimony of David A. Prentice, Ph.D. in Support of Wisconsin Bill to Prohibit Sales and Use of Fetal Body Parts from Abortion

    David A. Prentice, Ph.D.

    On Tuesday, August 11, 2015, the Wisconsin Committee on Criminal Justice and Public Safety held a public hearing on Assembly Bill 305, which would prohibit certain sales and uses of fetal body parts "from an unborn child aborted from an induced abortion." Charlotte Lozier Institute Vice President and Research Director, Dr. David A. Prentice, Ph.D submitted the following written testimony in support of AB 305.

  • World Leaders in Abortion: Top 10 Countries

    Charlotte Lozier Institute

    The United States is second in the world in number of abortions each year. If Planned Parenthood were included for comparison, it would rank sixth in the world in number of abortions carried out annually; and the International Planned Parenthood Federation would be fourth in the number of abortions carried out per year.

  • History of Fetal Tissue Research and Transplants

    Charlotte Lozier Institute

    This fact sheet provides a brief overview of the history of fetal tissue research and transplants.

  • “3-Parent Embryos” and “Gene-Edited Babies”: A Visual Aid

    Charlotte Lozier Institute

    As both international and national debates continue over the ethics and science of "three-parent embryos" and “genetically modified embryos”, Dr. David A. Prentice, Ph.D. of the Charlotte Lozier Institute has prepared a series of visual primers for the general public, illustrating the various methods by which germline genetic engineering is used to create genetically modified human embryos.

  • Testimony of David A. Prentice, Ph.D. before Institute of Medicine on Mitochondrial Replacement Therapy and 3-Parent Embryos

    David A. Prentice, Ph.D.

    On May 19, 2015, Dr. David A. Prentice delivered the following testimony before the Institute of Medicine to address the ethical and social issues raised by proposed mitochondrial replacement therapy (MRT) techniques.

  • Written Testimony of David A. Prentice, Ph.D. in Support of Ohio’s Down Syndrome Non-Discrimination Act

    David A. Prentice, Ph.D.

    In this testimony, Dr. David Prentice, Vice President and Research Director of the Charlotte Lozier Institute, testifies in support of Ohio's HB 135, which would provide necessary, distinct protections for developing human beings, preventing discrimination based on genetics or disability.

  • Stories of Premature Births, Lethal/Non-Lethal Anomalies with Fetal Surgery and Perinatal Hospice

    Charlotte Lozier Institute

    The following is a compilation of public stories shared by families who were affected by a prenatal diagnosis of a lethal or non-lethal fetal anomaly or very premature birth.

  • Executive Summaries of CLI Papers involving Twenty-Week Abortion

    Charlotte Lozier Institute

    The following are papers published by the Charlotte Lozier Institute in the On Point or American Reports Series on issues involving 20-week or five-month abortion laws.

  • Fact Sheet: Responses Regarding Poor Prenatal Diagnosis

    Charlotte Lozier Institute

    This fact sheet outlines the various responses to a "poor prenatal diagnosis" for a fetal abnormality, noting especially recent medical advances well as the life-affirming option for perinatal hospice.

  • Fact Sheet: Science of Fetal Pain

    Charlotte Lozier Institute

    On May 13, the United States House of Representatives passed the Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. This fact sheet explains the science of fetal pain.

  • An Analysis of How Medicaid Expansion in Alaska Will Affect Abortion Rates

    Michael J. New, Ph.D.

    This May, the Alaska state legislature will consider legislation that would expand Alaska's Medicaid program. In this timely analysis, CLI Associate Scholar Michael J. New, Ph.D. elaborates four ways in which a Medicaid expansion in Alaska would likely increase the state's abortion incidence.

  • Written Testimony of David A. Prentice, Ph.D.: Progress on Kansas’ Midwest Stem Cell Therapy Center Research

    David A. Prentice, Ph.D.

    In this testimony before multiple Kansas state Senate and House committees, Dr. David Prentice briefs legislators on the progress of the Midwest Stem Cell Therapy Center. There are currently about 53 centers nationwide conducting ethical adult stem cell research for therapies to treat a wide range of diseases and conditions. The Midwest Stem Cell Therapy Center at the University of Kansas is unique, comprehensive, and focused on patients first.

  • Assisted Suicide Is Not Compassion

    Wesley J. Smith

    In the United States as of March 2015, numerous bills to legalize assisted suicide have been introduced into as many as 25 state legislatures. In this timely paper, Wesley J. Smith examines the subject of assisted suicide and demonstrates how it is distinct from other medical end-of-life care. The paper outlines in detail the abuses of legal assisted suicide and euthanasia laws in the Netherlands, Belgium, Switzerland as well as in the state of Oregon.

  • Map: Assisted Suicide Legislation in the United States

    Charlotte Lozier Institute

    This map of the United States show which states have passed laws legalizing assisted suicide or in which bills have been introduced. Current as of March 2015.

  • Written Testimony of David A. Prentice, Ph.D. in Support of Indiana’s SB 334

    David A. Prentice, Ph.D.

    The written testimony of David A. Prentice, Ph. D., the Vice President and Research Director of the Charlotte Lozier Institute before the Indiana Senate Committee on Health and Provider Services in support of SB 334. This bill would prohibit abortion based on sex or disability.

  • The Reality of Late-Term Abortion Procedures

    Elizabeth Johnson, M.D.

    Of interest to the medical, moral, sociological, and political issues surrounding late-term abortion is the question of why women seek abortion after twenty weeks gestation. Any data considered to answer this question must be examined carefully for limitations. However, a greater understanding of the reasons why women choose these late-term procedures is valuable to those who seek to offer alternative, compassionate options.

  • The Constitutional Viability of Five-Month Abortion Laws

    Thomas M. Messner, J.D.

    Five-month abortion laws restrict abortion at 20 weeks of pregnancy—when an unborn child can feel pain from abortion. Opponents of five-month abortion laws argue they violate the “viability rule” created by the U.S. Supreme Court. The viability rule provides that government “may not prohibit any woman from making the ultimate decision to terminate her pregnancy before viability.” In most cases viability will occur after 20 weeks of pregnancy. However, the viability rule is unworkable, arbitrary, unjust, poorly reasoned, inadequate, and extreme. The viability rule cannot be justified, especially as applied to five-month laws. In a challenge to a five-month law it is reasonable to conclude that the Court might abandon the viability rule altogether or not apply it to five-month laws.

  • Supreme Court Ruling on Texas Abortion Regulations: What Happened and What Now?

    Thomas M. Messner, J.D.

    This Q&A-style fact sheet explains the background and implications of the Supreme Court ruling on October 14, 2014 regarding challenges to abortion-related laws enacted in Texas. It answers questions regarding which abortion provisions are at issue, whether the Supreme Court ruling deals with the constitutionality of the provisions, what the key court rulings are leading up to this ruling, and what happens next.

  • The Women’s Health Protection Act of 2013: The Sweeping Impact of S. 1696

    Thomas M. Messner, J.D.

    This Special Report outlines the sweeping impact that the “Women’s Health Protection Act of 2013” would have on current abortion-regulating legislation if passed. Introduced on November 13, 2013, S. 1696, if enacted would jeopardize or outright invalidate a wide range of both state and federal abortion-limiting laws.

  • Update on Abortion Coverage Limitations: States Take Action

    Charlotte Lozier Institute

    This updated chart shows each state's limitations on abortion funding via health insurance. *Current as of June 2014.

  • A Scientific View of When Life Begins

    Maureen Condic, Ph. D.

    In this paper, Dr. Maureen Condic examines scientific evidence for the point at which it is evident that human life begins.

  • Improving Joyful Lives: Society’s Response to Difference and Disability

    Mark Bradford

    This paper looks at the highly complex genetic condition that is Down syndrome and society’s response to individuals with this condition. This important paper points out that while research to improve the lives of those with Down syndrome has progressed, federal funding for it lags considerably behind that for other genetic disorders. Policy recommendations are made for the support of those with this condition and their families.

  • Cloning is Cloning is Cloning

    Gene Tarne

    This primer on cloning examines the nature and purpose of human cloning in light of recent developments in stem cell technology. The paper points out that all cloning is reproductive and reflects on the immediate outcome of human cloning - a human embryo - while examining the terminology used by cloning advocates to obscure the facts.

  • Ethical Stem Cells: Back to Basics

    Gene Tarne

    This report looks at the continuing pattern of stem cells research funding and finds that grants continue to be given to projects that show the most promise - namely ethical stem cell research.

  • Gestational Limits on Abortion in the United States Compared to International Norms

    Angelina Baglini, J.D.

    This groundbreaking report finds that the United States is one of only seven countries in the world to permit elective abortion beyond 20 weeks gestation. It examines international abortion policies and finds U.S. laws to be among the most permissive in the world - allowing abortion more than halfway through pregnancy and past the point at which research shows the unborn child can feel pain.

  • New Studies Show All Emergency Contraceptives Can Cause Early Abortion

    Susan Wills, J,D., LL.M.

    In this paper, CLI scholar Susan Wills compiles evidence which shows that emergency contraceptives can operate as abortion inducing drugs. Wills examines the latest scientific studies and explains how emergency contraception has been shown to prevent newly created embryos from implanting in the uterine wall, thus facilitating early abortion.

  • Twenty-Week Bans Raise Issue of Disability Discrimination Abortion

    Tom Messner and Chuck Donovan

    This paper examines how laws limiting abortion after twenty weeks can have the effect of prohibiting disability discrimination in the womb.

  • Full Disclosure: Blurry or Broken Language and the Beginning of Human Life

    Charlotte Lozier Institute

    In response to questions about the very beginning of human life that frequently surface in the media - often in the context of policy issues like contraceptives vs. abortifacients - this primer offers a scientific explanation of when human life begins.

  • Maryland Joins the Trend for Ethical Stem Cell Research

    Gene Tarne and Andrew Mullins

    This paper continues the investigation of stem cell research funding in the United States by examining the funding patterns at the Maryland Stem Cell Research Commission. This investigation reveals that the Maryland Commission is keeping with the trend of investing more money in ethical stem cell research as opposed to embryonic as it is this route which is providing demonstrable results.